ELECTRICITY SOURCES

ELECTRICITY SOURCES

For more than 125 years, Italy has stood out for the production of sustainable electricity from renewable sources. Italy has always been considered one of the world’s leaders in the production of hydroelectric power, an important renewable energy source (RES). Italy’s first large hydropower plant was activated in 1895 in Paderno (Lecco), on the Adda river. The geothermal power plant in Larderello (Pisa) has been in operation since 1911, and is renowned worldwide for its know-how and technological excellence. In addition to the above, there are also plants fuelled by New Renewable Energy Sources such as photovoltaic, wind, biomass (waste). The main contribution comes from solar energy, produced with photovoltaic systems connected to the grid or isolated. In 2017, they produced 7.3% of the national demand, a figure that is rapidly growing compared to previous years, considering that until 2010, this value was only around 0.5%.

How much renewable energy is produced in Italy?
The percentage of electricity demand met by renewable sources in Italy stands at around 35%. The European average is 34.2%.
Italy remains below the European average in RES used for the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning of buildings, which makes it fall behind in the ranking of total electricity consumption. The percentage of electricity produced from renewable sources is improving, also due to the fact that it is easy to increase and expand photovoltaic energy in Italy. Photovoltaic systems are an easy future solution for increasing zero-emission electricity production. The development of production from renewable sources is also a goal that does not depend on the import of polluting fossil fuels and electricity itself. The electricity requirement of 12.8% of total consumption in Italy is met by purchasing electricity from abroad, transported through the use of power lines and distributed in Italy through local transport and distribution networks. However, at certain times, Italy sells and exports electricity to countries interconnected to the grid, thanks mainly to efficient, flexible, modern, thermoelectric turbogas power plants, which can promptly intervene during peaks in demand.

The PNRR (Italy’s Recovery and Resilience Plan) and renewable energies
Mission 2 of the PNRR states: “the increase in the share of energy produced from renewable energy sources (#RES) in the system, in line with the European and national targets of #decarbonisation”, “Strengthening and digital transformation of grid infrastructures to accommodate the increase in production from RES …”. The #PNRR identifies electric mobility as a “lever to improve the overall quality of life (reduction of air and noise pollution …)”. The National Plan also foresees and estimates a new annual production of 2,500 GWh from photovoltaic systems, which will contribute to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of approximately 1.5 million tonnes of CO2 per year. It should also be considered that an electric vehicle recharged by solar panels is a zero-emission and zero-kilometre solution, hence highly efficient, defined as “from the source to the wheel”. The PNRR’s objective is to support the implementation of off-shore renewable energy sources, wind power (already developed in various Northern European countries), but also more experimental technologies, such as generators that exploit wave motion. The PNRR also takes into account the importance of the adoption of electric mobility for improving the quality of life in our densely inhabited cities, which are increasingly growing and will absolutely need to reduce and eliminate harmful emissions from the exhaust fumes of internal combustion engines, while considerably limiting vehicle noise.

The PNRR and storage systems for electricity from renewable and sustainable sources
Storage systems, together with so-called “smart grids”, are becoming increasingly relevant and functioning solutions for making the production and use of electricity produced from renewable sources more efficient and therefore strategic for Italy. The new smart grids will be able to store, for example, photovoltaic electricity during sunny days, of higher production, and then feed it back into the same electricity grid during days of higher demand, especially when the international grid would require more production, i.e. the intervention of traditional, non-renewable power plants.

Energy use in an electric car
An electric car uses energy much more efficiently than any vehicle with an internal combustion engine, a conventional engine, or even a hydrogen engine. An electric car, even if recharged by energy produced thermoelectrically (i.e. with a generator that consumes natural gas) undoubtedly produces electricity much more efficiently than a similar car with an internal combustion engine and fuelled by the same natural gas, making it significantly cheaper to run and less polluting. This is due to its technical characteristics, including electric distribution chain.

GLOSSARY
RES – Renewable Energy Sources
PNRR – Italy’s Recovery and Resilience Plan
NRES – New Renewable Energy Sources, photovoltaic, wind, biomass (waste)

LE FONTI DELL’ENERGIA ELETTRICA

LE FONTI DELL’ENERGIA ELETTRICA

Da oltre 125 anni l’Italia si distingue per la produzione d’energia elettrica sostenibile, proveniente da fonti rinnovabili. L’Italia è da sempre considerata una delle eccellenze mondiali nella produzione d’energia idroelettrica, importante fonte di energia rinnovabile (FER). La prima grande centrale italiana venne attivata nel 1895 a Paderno (Lecco), sul fiume Adda. La centrale geotermica di Larderello (Pisa), in funzione dal 1911, con il suo know-how è ancora oggi una delle eccellenze tecnologiche mondiali. Accanto alle sopra citate vi sono poi le NFE – Nuove Fonti di Energia Rinnovabile: fotovoltaico, eolico, biomassa (rifiuti). Il contributo principale è quello dato dall’energia solare, prodotta con impianti fotovoltaici, connessi in rete o isolati, che nel 2017 ha prodotto il 7,3% del fabbisogno nazionale, dato in rapida crescita rispetto agli anni precedenti, considerando che fino al 2010, tale valore si aggirava solo intorno al 0,5%.

Quanta è l’energia rinnovabile prodotta in Italia?
La percentuale di domanda di Energia Elettrica soddisfatta da fonti rinnovabili, in Italia, già oggi arriva a circa il 35%. La media europea è del 34,2%.
L’Italia rimane sotto alla media europea nel settore delle FER per il settore termico, la climatizzazione, riscaldamento e condizionamento degli edifici, il che la fa arretrare nella classifica dei consumi elettrici totali. La percentuale di energia elettrica prodotta da fonti rinnovabili è in miglioramento anche perché è facilmente incrementabile, in modo diffuso, quella fotovoltaica. Il fotovoltaico rappresenta una facile soluzione futura per aumentare la produzione di energia elettrica a zero emissioni. Lo sviluppo della produzione da fonti rinnovabili rappresenta anche un obiettivo d’indipendenza dall’import di carburanti fossili inquinanti e della stessa energia elettrica. Il fabbisogno elettrico del 12,8% dei consumi totali in Italia (dato Terna, 2017) viene soddisfatto con l’acquisto di energia elettrica dall’estero, trasportata attraverso l’utilizzo di elettrodotti e diffusa, in Italia, tramite le reti di trasporto e distribuzione locale. Tuttavia, in determinati momenti, l’Italia vende, esporta, energia elettrica, nei Paesi interconnessi alla rete, grazie soprattutto alle efficienti, flessibili, moderne, centrali termoelettriche a turbogas, che possono intervenire durante i picchi di richiesta in modo tempestivo e puntuale.

Il PNRR e le energie rinnovabili

La missione 2 del PNRR cita esattamente: “L’incremento della quota di energia prodotta da fonti di energia rinnovabile (#FER) nel sistema, in linea con gli obiettivi europei e nazionali di #decarbonizzazione”, “Potenziamento e digitalizzazione delle infrastrutture di rete per accogliere l’aumento di produzione da FER …”. Il #PNRR, pone proprio la mobilità elettrica come “leva di miglioramento complessivo della qualità della vita (riduzione inquinamento dell’aria ed acustico, …”. Il Piano Nazionale prevede e stima, anche, una nuova produzione di 2.500 GWh annui, da fotovoltaico, che contribuirà a una riduzione delle emissioni di gas serra stimata in circa 1,5 milioni di tonnellate di CO2 all’anno. Si consideri che un veicolo elettrico ricaricato da pannelli solari è una soluzione con emissioni zero ed inoltre, davvero anche a chilometro zero, quindi con grande efficienza energetica, definita “dalla fonte alla ruota”. L’obiettivo del PNRR è quello di sostenere la realizzazione anche delle fonti rinnovabili off-shore, eoliche (già sviluppate in vari Paesi del Nord Europa), ma anche tecnologie più sperimentali, come, ad esempio i generatori che sfruttano il moto ondoso. Il PNRR considera già anche l’importanza della qualità della vita nelle nostre popolose città, che stanno sempre più crescendo e necessiteranno, assolutamente, della riduzione, eliminazione, delle emissioni nocive da gas di scarico dei motori a scoppio ma limitando notevolmente la rumorosità dei veicoli, con l’adozione della mobilità elettrica.

Il PNRR ed i sistemi di accumulo dell’energia elettrica prodotta da fonti rinnovabili e da quelle sostenibili
I sistemi di accumulo, insieme alle cosiddette reti elettriche intelligenti (#smartgrid), stanno diventando delle soluzioni reali, sempre più attuali e funzionanti che renderanno la produzione e l’uso dell’energia elettrica prodotta con fonti rinnovabili più efficiente e quindi strategica per l’Italia. I nuovi sistemi intelligenti potranno accumulare, ad esempio, energia elettrica fotovoltaica durante i giorni di sole, di maggiore produzione, per poi reimmetterla, nella stessa rete elettrica, durante i giorni di maggiore richiesta, soprattutto, quando la rete internazionale richiederebbe maggiore produzione, cioè l’intervento delle centrali elettriche di produzione tradizionale, non rinnovabile.

Utilizzo dell’energia in un’auto elettrica
Un veicolo elettrico utilizza l’energia con un’efficienza molte volte superiore a qualsiasi mezzo con motore a scoppio, tradizionale, ma anche ad idrogeno. Un’auto elettrica anche se ricaricata da energia prodotta in modalità termoelettrica, cioè con un generatore che consuma gas naturale, per produrre elettricità, per le sue caratteristiche tecniche, anche della filiera distributiva elettrica, è, senza dubbio alcuno, molto più efficiente e quindi nettamente più economica e meno inquinante di un’automobile simile, con motore a scoppio ed alimentazione con lo stesso gas naturale.

GLOSSARIO
FER – Fonti di Energia Rinnovabile
PNRR – Piano Nazionale di Ripresa e Resilienza
NFER – Nuove Fonti di Energia Rinnovabile, fotovoltaico, eolico, biomassa (rifiuti)

REINOVA: THE NEW SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY CENTRE GETS UNDERWAY

REINOVA: THE NEW SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY CENTRE GETS UNDERWAY

On Saturday, 10 July 2021, the new centre of excellence dedicated to the development and validation of electric and hybrid powertrain components for sustainable mobility will officially open its doors and became operational.

10 July 1856 was a special day. It was the day when one of the greatest minds of all time was born, namely Nikola Tesla. A pioneer of the Second Industrial Revolution, his numerous patents and theories influenced and revolutionised electromagnetism, laying the foundations for all future developments.

On 10 July 2021, 165 years later, Reinova will immerse itself in the spirit of the famous scientist, building its pillars by imagining and creating a world based on technological innovation that will make life easier, more sustainable and more social for everyone. The new centre of excellence dedicated to the development and validation of electric and hybrid powertrain components for sustainable mobility has officially been put into production, throwing itself into the midst of the most difficult and uncertain revolution, that of the mobility of the future.

The start of the production activities announced for 10 July of this year was the result of incredible commitment and hard work, as pointed out by Giuseppe Corcione, CEO of Reinova: “Given the particular historical moment and the pandemic that hit us, being able to meet the goal of opening the factory by this date was extremely challenging. This was attributed to a variety of factors, many of which were beyond our control, such as the lack of materials or delays in shipments. The entire Reinova team and all our suppliers  gave 110% throughout the whole process, and I would like to publicly thank them again. The Reinova headquarters will expand the “Electric Valley” (as it has already been rebaptised). In fact, we are convinced that the new mobility revolution lies in electrification, and at Reinova we want to lead it with innovative ideas, creativity and efficiency. Being pioneers in the application of a technology and making it usable and sustainable is a challenging and difficult path, but it is our goal and we want to achieve it with determination.”

A new 100% electrically-driven centre was born in the heart of the Italian automotive industry and marks the dawn of a new sustainable era, entirely made in Italy!

Dell’Orto S.p.A. and Energica Motor Company S.p.A. choose Reinova to continue the E-POWER project, strengthening services to OEMs and expanding the product range to complete the new approach to electric mobility

Dell’Orto S.p.A. and Energica Motor Company S.p.A. choose Reinova to continue the E-POWER project, strengthening services to OEMs and expanding the product range to complete the new approach to electric mobility

Dell’Orto S.p.A., an Italian multinational company specialising in the construction of injection systems, electronic control units, and mechatronic components for cars and motorcycles, and Energica, an international leader in the sector of high-performing electric motorcycles made in Italy, have partnered with Reinova for the development and validation of hybrid and electric powertrain components for the future of sustainable mobility.

Motor Valley (Emilia Romagna, Italy), June, 8th 2021 – In recent years, the automotive sector has seen a great revolution in sustainable mobility and more and more companies are showing interest in collaborating to develop a virtuous ecosystem, with the aim of co-actively building a more sustainable future.

E-Power is a project designed to create an innovative electric propulsion system for sustainable urban mobility. Launched in July 2019 by Dell’Orto S.p.A. and Energica Motor Company S.p.A., the project now reaches a new important milestone.

After almost 2 years of partnership, which saw the conception and development of the basis of the modular powertrain, the two companies have teamed up with Reinova for another important collaboration. The aim is to continue and to strengthen the modular approach of E-Power by further expanding its range and improving the technical and development support to OEMs.

The Reinova project is an innovative hub for sustainable mobility conceived by REI Lab s.r.l., Unindustria RE and Fondazione REI. It is an ideal partner who shares common values with Dell’Orto S.p.A. and Energica: the pride of being Italian companies, advanced technological know-how, an open mind focused on innovation and continuous improvement and a strong desire to support the transition to a more virtuous and eco-friendly mobility.

The collaboration between the three companies aims at boosting the promotion and marketing of powertrain systems for urban mobility and the large-scale distribution of electrification applications up to 20kW.

This ambitious project, which combines Reinova’s technical capacity in electric Powertrain systems with Energica’s professionalism and unique know-how in electric motors and Dell’Orto S.p.A.’s design skills in vehicle control systems, marks the beginning of a unique mix of services for all OEMs committed to electrification. With Dell’Orto S.p.A.-Energica-Reinova, they will find a unique support from concept to design, to validation, calibration and mass production.

The collaboration with Reinova marks a significant step in Dell’Orto S.p.A.’s strategy to act as a technological partner in the development of innovative modular electric traction systems for both urban and industrial mobility. This partnership will allow us to create great value for our customers who will be supported by tremendous expertise resulting from years of experience that Dell’Orto S.p.A., Energica and Reinova will share,” says Davide Dell’Orto, CTO of Dell’Orto S.p.A.

Livia Cevolini, CEO of Energica Motor Company S.p.A., declares: “Strategy and vision are what our companies have in common. We have chosen Dell’Orto S.p.A. and Reinova as our strategic partners to give life to a collaboration aimed at the growth of the electrical world. This is a great opportunity to work as a team bringing into play our mutual expertise to create a new excellence”.

Giuseppe Corcione, CEO of Reinova, commented on the new partnership: “With this partnership we are working on a large integrated circular economy project that aims to create a modular platform for the new Italian mobility, one that is sustainable, connected and shared. Our goal is to guide and support companies in their electrification projects by creating economies of scale, sharing experiences and expertise, and promoting Made in Italy innovation”.